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舖地蝙蝠草

舖地蝙蝠草

文章Lohas 發表於 2014年 6月 2日, 06:35

澎湖可(常)見植物花卉賞析—【舖地蝙蝠草】
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花香鳥語喜甘霖,朱蝶翩翩繞碧潯;
舖地飛翔蝙蝠草,馬蹄揚起萬千金。
(下平十二侵七絕平起首句入韻)

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舖地蝙蝠草
學名:Christia obcordata (Poir.) Bakh. f. ex Meeuwen、Hedysarum obcordatum Poir.、Lourea obcordata (Poir.) Desv.。
豆科(Leguminosea)蝶形亞科 蝙蝠草屬(Christia)
別名:羅瑞草、羅藟草、錢鑿草、馬蹄金、馬蹄香、半邊錢、蝴蝶葉、三腳虎。
原產中國南方、台灣、印度、緬甸、菲律賓、印尼、澳大利亞北部。
多年生匍匐性草本植物。莖平臥,莖枝纖細,被灰色短柔毛。葉互生,三出複葉,稀單小葉,頂生小葉腎形、倒腎形、倒三角形、圓三角形、闊倒卵形,先端微凹或平截,基部近圓形、渾圓、楔形或截形;全緣葉,側生小葉較小,卵形、倒卵形;頂生小葉膜質,葉兩面疏生短毛,主脈在葉背面凸出,側脈三至五對,葉面綠色,主脈處略淡,具明顯葉枕,與托葉離生,托葉錐形,刺毛狀,頂小葉具小托葉二枚,互生,葉柄絲狀,疏被灰色柔毛。兩性花,總狀花序,頂生或腋生,纖細,每節著生一朵花,花梗有短柔毛,花萼合生鐘狀,淡黃色,半透明,被灰色柔毛,膜質,萼五裂,卵形、披針形,上二裂片稍合生,具明顯網脈,花謝後膨大,宿存,花小,疏生,蝶形花冠,覆瓦狀排列,與萼等長或略長於花萼,花冠藍紫、玫瑰紅、淡紅色,旗瓣寬闊,旗瓣包圍翼瓣,龍骨瓣鈍,雄蕊十枚,合生管狀,二體雄蕊,雌蕊心皮一枚,花柱絲狀,內折,柱頭頭狀,子房一室,子房上位,邊緣胎座。莢果,小型,藏於膨脹之宿存萼內,具二至五莢節,完全藏於萼內,彼此重疊,卵形,表面具網脈、網紋,有時疏生柔毛,每節具種子一枚。
舖地蝙蝠草可利水通淋、散瘀止血、清熱解毒,可治小便不利、石淋、水腫、白帶、吐血、咯血、血崩、目赤痛,外用可治毒蛇咬傷、疥癬、跌打損傷、筋骨損傷、瘡瘍、乳瘡、乳癰。
- -以上資訊若有謬誤之處,懇請諸先進不吝賜教指正,謝謝!- -
拍攝地點:馬公市前寮里(2014/05/29)
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