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歐洲黃莞

歐洲黃莞

文章Lohas 發表於 2012年 5月 30日, 13:51

﹁黃莞﹂非澎湖茼蒿 莫當野菜吞食

︻記者莊惠惠報導︼食管局日前接獲一起中毒案例,民眾因食用了不知名﹁山野菜﹂後出現嘔吐症狀,經過分子生物檢驗技術鑑別,確認民眾是吃了有微弱毒性的植物﹁歐洲黃菀︵Senecio vulgari︶﹂。在植物分類上,歐洲黃菀屬於菊科黃菀屬,主要分布在中、高海拔山區,但在郊區、菜園附近和路邊草叢,也常可見到它的蹤跡。

衛生局表示,這次的誤食案例,是因為民眾將有毒的﹁黃菀﹂當成﹁山茼蒿﹂吃下肚,這兩種植物同屬菊科,葉形相似,但歐洲黃菀含有pyrrolizidine alkaloids ︵Pas︶類的生物鹼,誤食會造成肝臟方面的損害,嚴重時則會導致死亡。

衛生局強調近年來,國內已發生多起民眾誤食有毒植物的中毒案例,其共同特性都是有毒植物和一般可食性植物的外觀相似,很容易造成民眾誤認,因而大大提高了民眾誤食的機率。由於不同種類的有毒植物,引起的中毒症狀不盡相同,輕則腸胃不適,重則傷害中樞神經系統,甚至會因此喪命。還有部分有毒植物,就算找來經驗豐富的專家,還是不容易從外觀上加以區別。

衛生局再次呼籲,民眾千萬不要食用來路不明的植物,以免滿足了一時的口腹之慾,反而造成無法挽回的傷害。萬一民眾誤食了不明植物出現不舒服的症狀時,一定要趕緊就醫並保留食餘檢體,讓醫護人員做出正確診斷與治療。

採食野菜要小心 黃菀誤當山茼蒿中毒
圖檔
 (記者李三祿報導)日前媒體報導民眾因食用不知名山野菜後,出現嘔吐症狀,經過分子生物檢驗技術鑑別,確認民眾吃了有毒植物而造成中毒現象,肇事主兇即是「歐洲黃菀」;由於「黃菀」和「山茼蒿」同屬菊科植物,且葉形相似,難怪會發生民眾誤食及中毒意外。
 衛生局長鄭鴻藝表示,在植物分類上,歐洲黃菀屬於菊科類植物,主要分布在中、高海拔山區,但在郊區、菜園附近和路邊草叢,也常見到它的蹤跡;上述誤食中毒案例,是因為民眾將有毒的「黃菀」當成「山茼蒿」吃下肚,導致出現嘔吐現象。由於這兩種植物同屬菊科植物,且葉形相似,但歐洲黃菀含有PAs類的生物鹼,誤食會造成肝臟方面的損害,嚴重時則會導致死亡,請鄉親採食野菜要特別小心,以免危及生命健康。
 衛生局食品藥物管理科長馬金足強調,近年來國內已發生多起民眾誤食有毒植物而中毒的案例,綜觀其共同特性,都是有毒植物和一般可食性植物的外觀相似,而造成民眾混淆誤認,因而增加民眾誤食的風險。馬金足指出,由於不同種類的有毒植物,引起的中毒症狀不盡相同,輕則腸胃不適,重則傷害中樞神經系統,甚至因此喪命;部分有毒植物,就算找來經驗豐富的專家,還是不容易從外觀上加以區別,何況是市井小民。
 馬金足呼籲鄉親不要隨便食用來路不明的植物,以免滿足了一時的口腹之慾,反而造成無法挽回的傷害。馬金足建議,萬一誤食了不明植物而出現不舒服的症狀時,務必立即送醫並保留食餘檢體,俾利醫師正確診斷與治療。
Lohas
系統管理員
 
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Re: 歐洲黃莞

文章valrazhan 發表於 2019年 7月 27日, 01:26

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Re: 歐洲黃莞

文章valrazhan 發表於 2019年 8月 3日, 03:36

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